Women’s Stories: Links and References

For anyone who attended our International Womens’ Day 2016 walking tour of Manchester, here’s our collection of references, with links where possible.

More information about the women on our tour

Marie Stopes

Hall, Ruth (1977) Marie Stopes: a Biography. Andre Deutsch.
Green, Stephanie (2013) The Public Lives of Charlotte and Marie Stopes. Pickering and Chatto.
Wenban Smith, Francis (2009) “Henry Stopes (1852–1902): engineer, brewer and anthropologist”. Lithics 30: 65-84 (PDF)

Margaret Beckett

“Beckett, Rt Hon Dame Margaret (Mary)”, Who’s Who
Jan Moir, “The left’s right-hand woman”, Guardian, 4 November 1992, p6
Sally Weale, “Beckett cool in the face of fierce criticism”, Guardian, 2 July 1994, p6
David Dickson, “Female scientists wanted: apply to UK research councils”, Nature 390: 431, 4 December 1997. (£)
“The engineering apprentice turned Foreign Secretary”, Your Manchester, May 2007, pp28-29.

Women at Bletchley Park/Joan Clarke

Burman, A. (2013) Gendering decryption – decrypting gender: The gender discourse of labour at Bletchley Park 1939-1945. MA Thesis.
Fessenden, M. (2015) Women Were Key to WWII Code-Breaking at Bletchley Park. Smithsonian.
Howard, K. (2015). Women Code Breakers. Bletchley Park Research.
Kennedy, M. (2015). Bletchley Park “girls” break code of secrecy for book launch. The Guardian.
Lord, L. A. (2008). Biography of Joan Clarke, at MacTutor (extracted from a University of St Andrews Honours project).
Miller, J. (2014). Joan Clarke, woman who cracked Enigma cyphers with Alan Turing. BBC News.

Irene Manton

Irene Manton, Problems of Cytology and Evolution in the Pteridophyta, Cambridge University Press: 1950.
Reginald Dawson Preston, ‘Irene Manton. 17 April 1904-13 May 1988.’ Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society
G. Walker, ‘Obituary: Irene Manton’ (1904-1988). Watsonia 17: 379. (PDF)

Beatrice Shilling

Beatrice Shilling – Engineer and Battle of Britain heroine, Manchester University ‘Discover’ website, 2014
Beatrice Shilling 1909 – 1990: Aeronautical engineer and motorcycle racer, Hampshire Biographies website
Beatrice ‘Tilly’ Shilling: Pioneering engineer, at the STEM Blog
Beatrice Shilling, Thrust Vector blog, 2010
Freudenberg, Matthew (2003) Negative Gravity: a Life of Beatrice Shilling. Charlton.

Kathleen Ollerenshaw

K Ollerenshaw, To Talk of Many Things: An Autobiography (Manchester University Press, Manchester, 2004)
Kathleen Ollerenshaw, on Wikipedia
MacTutor Archive of Biographies: Kathleen Ollerenshaw
E Lamb (2012). Centenarian Dame Kathleen Ollerenshaw—Conqueror of Magic Squares, Rubik’s Cube and Mauna Kea, Scientific American
L Riddle. Biographies of Women Mathematicians, Agnes Scott College
K Ollerenshaw (1948). The Critical Lattices of a Sphere, J. London Math. Soc.

Jean McFarlane

Clark, Lady McFarlane of Llandaff, The Guardian Obituary, 2012
Burns, Foundations of Adult Nursing, 2015
Papers by Jean McFarlane, on JISC
McFarlane, J. K. (1970) The proper study of the nurse: an account of the first two years of a research project “The study of nursing care”, including a study of the relevant background literature, London: Royal College of Nursing.

Catherine Chisholm

Peter D Mohr, Women-run Hospitals in Britain: A Historical Survey Focusing on Dr. Catherine Chisholm (1878-1952) and Manchester Babies Hospital (Duchess of York Hospital) (unpublished doctoral thesis, University of Manchester CHSTM, 1995).
Medical Women’s Federation, ‘Our History.
Museum of Medicine & Health, ‘Dr Catherine Chisholm (1878-1952) & The Manchester Medical School.’
‘Obituary: Catherine Chisholm.’ The Lancet, 260(6727): 1952, p250.
Richard R Trail, ‘Catherine Chisholm,’ in Royal College of Physicians: Lives of the fellows
University of Manchester, ‘Heritage Heroes: Catherine Chisholm.’

Mary Lee Berners-Lee

“Oral history: Mary Lee Berners-Lee”, interviewee Janet Abbate, 2001
Janet Abbate, Recoding Gender: Women’s Changing Participation in Computing, MIT Press 2012.

Margaret Murray

Margaret Murray, on Wikipedia
The Two Brothers, at Ancient Egypt and Archaeology Website

Rosalie David

Professor Rosalie David OBE, BA, PhD, FRSA, Manchester University Academic webpage
Under Wraps: Rosalie David in Conversation, Archaeology, 2001

Recommended Reading List – Women in Science

Abir-Am, Pnina, and Dorinda Outram, eds (1988) Uneasy Careers and Intimate Lives: Women in Science, 1789-1979. Rutgers University Press.
Alic, Margaret (1986) Hypatia’s Heritage: A History of Women in Science from Antiquity to the Late Nineteenth Century. Women’s Press.
Bailey, Martha (1994) American Women in Science: A Biographical Dictionary. ABC-CLIO.
Byers, Nina and Gary Williams, eds (2010) Out of the Shadows: Contributions of Twentieth-Century Women to Physics. Cambridge University Press.
Bystydzienski, Jill, and Sharon Bird (2006). Removing Barriers: Women in Academic Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics. Indiana University Press.
Creese, Mary (1998) Ladies in the Laboratory? American and British Women in Science, 1800-1900. Scarecrow.
Des Jardins, Julie (2010) The Madame Curie Complex: The Hidden History of Women in Science. Feminist Press.
Fara, Patricia (2004) Pandora’s Breeches: Women, Science and Power in the Enlightenment. Pimlico.
Fara, Patricia (2005) Scientists Anonymous: Great Stories of Women in Science. Wizard.
Frize, Monique (2010) The Bold and the Brave: A History of Women in Science and Engineering. University of Ottawa Press.
Haines, Catherine (2001) International Women in Science: A Biographical Dictionary to 1950. ABC-CLIO.
Lykknes, Annette, Donald L. Opitz, and Brigitte Van Tiggelen, eds (2012) For Better or For Worse? Collaborative Couples in the Sciences. Birkhäuser.
Oakes, Elizabeth (2001) International Encyclopedia of Women Scientists. Facts on File.
Ogilvie, Marilyn and Jon Harvey (2000) The Biographical Dictionary of Women in Science: Pioneering Lives from Ancient Times to the Mid-20th Century. Routledge.
Pycior, Helena, Nancy Slack and Pnina Abir-Am (eds.) (1996) Creative Couples in the Sciences. Rutgers University Press.
Rayner-Canham, Marelene, and Geoffrey Rayner-Canham (2005) A Devotion to Their Science: Pioneer Women of Radioactivity, 1880-1949. Chemical Heritage Foundation.
Rayner-Canham, Marelene, and Geoffrey Rayner-Canham (2008) Chemistry Was Their Life: Pioneering British Women Chemists, 1880-1949. Imperial College Press.
Rossiter, Margaret, the Women Scientists in America trilogy: Struggles and Strategies to 1940 (1982), Before Affirmative Action, 1940-1972 (1995) and Forging a New World Since 1972 (2012). All published by Johns Hopkins University Press.
Shearer, Benjamin, and Barbara Shearer (1997) Notable Women in the Physical Sciences: A Biographical Dictionary. Greenwood.
Shteir, Ann (1996) Cultivating Women, Cultivating Science: Flora’s Daughters and Botany in England 1760 to 1860. Johns Hopkins University Press.
Sullivan, Otha Richard (2012) Black Stars: African American Women Scientists and Inventors. Jossey Bass.
Weisbard, Phyllis (ed.) (1993) The History of Women and Science, Health, and Technology. University of Wisconsin Press.